Research Questions

Where we brainstorm the broad collection of items to consider...


PROCESS: Please enter your responses to the research question by adding to the list below, most easily done by moving yor cursor to the end of the last item and pressing RETURN to create a new bullet point. You may list as many items as you wish (and we hope you will!), but please list each item separately -- that is, if you say wish to list widget1, process2, and idea3 as important, please list each item as a separate bullet point, as we will be rank ordering these later.

Please indicate your work by marking with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row that we can follow up with you if we need additional information or leads to examples- this produces a signature when the page is update like - alan alan Aug 7, 2009

Research Question Four - Challenges

What do you see as the key challenge(s) related to teaching, learning, or creative expression that learning-focused institutions will face during the next 5 years?


Compose your entries like:
  • Challenge Name. Add your ideas like this with few sentences description including full URLs for references e.g. http://horizon.nmc.org And do not forget to sign your contribution with 4 ~ characters!


  • Whither the Bookstore. How can the traditional brick and mortar (and expensive products) campus bookstore stay viable, or should it? The changes in publishing business and more and more move to online content suggests a challenge in the resources we have students use for their studies. See http://ltc.umanitoba.ca/blog/2009/08/what-is-the-future-of-campus-bookstores/ - alan alan Sep 6, 2009 Strong OER advocacy and call to action for free, timely, online access to the published results of research http://durbin.senate.gov/showRelease.cfm?releaseId=318279 - bdieu bdieuWhat is the campus strategy for licensing content configured for mobile devices? Will the bookstore handle textbook licensing? Will the library be responsible for licensing reference works for individuals' devices or will the bookstore handle that (for courses) or will no one be interested in providing the service? How will libraries conceive of their role in making research and educational content available for mobile devices? At Quinnipiac U., IT, library and the academic department in health sciences developed a program where students use mobile devices for a variety of purposes. Licensing of some medical reference works for mobile devices was part of the program. http://campustechnology.com/Articles/2009/02/01/Mobility.aspx?sc_lang=en&Page=3 - JoanLippincott JoanLippincott Oct 5, 2009 Bookstores are on the verge of obsolescence except as a place to buy sweatshirts. - amichaelberman amichaelberman Oct 5, 2009
  • Security and privacy are fundamental challenges. Ethical considerations. Data portability, security and privacy are important points to consider. See: http://www.sciam.com/sciammag/ and http://blog.privcom.gc.ca/index.php/privacy-on-social-networks/ and http://gigaom.com/2008/01/08/a-privacy-manifesto-for-the-web-20-era/ Huge generation gap on this score, making teaching and support even more complex (see Pew study on teen privacy) (carried over from 2009 Horizon Wiki)....and a fundamental question with respect personal security is the approach adopted country by country. Some countries (norther European examples) take the view that the person or learner is the filter while others filter before it gets to the individual level. Is there, for example, an implication for the extent to which web2.0 technologies can be adopted, if you take one approach rather than another?- Gavin Gavin Sep 20, 2009 See privacy issues in Facebook http://groups.csail.mit.edu/mac/classes/6.805/student-papers/fall05-papers/facebook.pdf.- bdieu bdieu Oct 3, 2009 Congress is now taking interest in behavioral advertising around this issue: http://www.eschoolnews.com/news/top-news/index.cfm?i=60973 - jasonr jasonr Oct 5, 2009
  • Meeting Expectations of Non-Educational Online Experiences The online experience provided by commercial and social environments have conditioned learners with specific expectations from their online experience. Educators are often thrust into a reactive role to accommodate and adapt pedagogy to a familiar and self-guided learning experience. It is a positive to re-examine and adopt new teaching practices. However, we are challenged to be original and proactive in designing and presenting strenuous content for optimum learning. We comply with expectations of non-educational presentations designed for ease, expediency, and commerce. Design for optimum depth, contemplation, reflection and understanding are often a lower priority. (carried over from 2009 Horizon Wiki) More that just meeting these expectations the competition that is growing dramatically from online schools will force universities to compete for students in an increasingly digital fragmented world. Success of U of Phoenix, Open University, etc. have spawned a large number of hybrid and on-line options for global learners. With the results oriented mind set of non traditional learners, these options will be more attractive. They have a decade of experience on how to produce education on a large scale. The quality and acceptance of the on-line competition to traditional brick and mortar institutions will be a large challenge.- Don Don Oct 3, 2009 This is particularly a challenge given the results of a recent APLU Sloane study of online education http://www.aplu.org/NetCommunity/Page.aspx?pid=282 . Quoting the report "Faculty rate [the increased time and effort required as compared to traditional course development] as the most important barrier to teaching and developing online programs. Faculty also report that they have serious reservations about the quality of online learning outcomes, and they believe that their institutions are below average in providing support and incentives" - alanwolf alanwolf Oct 3, 2009 The perceptions that appears to still be floating among some members of faculty are that online programs is either a watered down versions of face-to-face programs, that an online course is an easy course, and that putting a course or program online amounts to shooting a class lecture and posting it online along with the same notes, assignments, and readings as the face-to-face, brick and mortar set up. Having worked with faculty and staff to launch courses and programs at undergrad and graduate level, I can say first hand that this is not the case. Online education must be engineer specifically for the medium or its effectiveness will suffer. The expectations that we are talking about can go in two directions:
    The first school of thought usually perceives online education as convenient and flexible; maximizing learning opportunities for traditional and non-traditional students alike. The outcomes are equivalent to the traditional education solutions, but the content is structured in a manner that is appropriate for the method of delivery. The level of quality and effectiveness of the course materials or instruction do not deviate in any way from the traditional methods offered.
    The second typically perceives online education as easier, faster, and of a lesser nature to traditional methods, aka the paper mill.
    While there is nothing inherently wrong with wanting a fast path to knowledge, and though the stated course outcomes of both the commercial and non-profit may look the same, there is a fundamental difference in the motives that exist. By its very nature, a commercial online educational institution will always be a for profit venture, and as such will place the commercial needs as the primary consideration. So, while we can meet and exceed the expectations of those seeking online education in terms of convenience and quality, we should never want to become a like-entity. My 2 cents. - Dougdar Dougdar Oct 4, 2009
  • Social Network Fatigue the reluctance to join another social network just because someone sent you a link. See Steven Levy "How Many Friends Is Too Many? One MySpace exec has even surprised himself by friending a potato. This particular russet has 2,965 friends." http://www.newsweek.com/id/137512 YASN = Yet Another Social Network. (carried over from 2009 Horizon Wiki) Trends are generally adopted blindly when they're new and one doesn't want to miss the wave, but these tools, if used wisely, can be efficient. We just need to make people understand that time and quality may be more important than number of people signed up. - Eva Eva Oct 4, 2009 Interestingly, students don't assess their value by the number of friends or followers and yet adults seem to have so much at stake in the quantitative value of their social networking experience. Maybe the fatigue is the result of all of that counting! - jevans jevans Oct 5, 2009 It's the classic hype curve - once you get past irrational exuberance and the inevitable letdown, there is real value here we are just beginning to understand. - amichaelberman amichaelberman Oct 5, 2009I wonder how much overlap we would see in our different networks if we visualized them? Are there enough unique "work/professional " relationships to warrant belonging to a "work" network that is separate from our personal life network? Or are we waiting for the technology to get to the point where we can easily maage one large network by the nature of our different relationships...I think it goes beyond "grouping" people.- jgetman jgetman Oct 6, 2009
  • Examining the role of the Academy : preparing students for their future: Adapting teaching and learning innovation to meet the needs of millennial and neo-millennial learners; to widen the learner’s ‘educational bandwidth’ by emphasizing critical inquiry and mental flexibility; to connect learners to broad social issues through civic engagement and to encourage them to apply their learning to solve large-scale complex problems. See: “College Learning for the New Global Century: A report from the National Leadership Council for Liberal Education & America’s Promise”, published by AACU : http://www.aacu.org/leap/documents/GlobalCentury_final.pdf . Specifically, see Principle 3, Recommendation 5: “…that the power of new technologies be harnessed in order to give all students extensive experience in research, experimentation, problem-based learning, and other forms of creative work, especially but not only in their major fields.”- jasonr jasonr Sep 18, 2009
  • Non-uniform availability of resources - Many of the technologies we've described as having great potential require universal access to laptops, mobile phones, and broadband. While this is becoming common for many students at the higher end, many students do not have these resources. If just one students does not have the resources to participate, it becomes hard to implement these innovations in the classroom. Unequal access at home further magnifies these issues. Students whose only access is during school hours are at a huge disadvantage to those who have great access at home. This is particularly acute at the high school level, but even at the collegiate level, it's becoming an issue as schools are disbanding labs. - danahboyd danahboyd Sep 20, 2009 I agree. The lowest common denominator needs attention or the coolest tech won't benefit the masses. Short term there is an imbalance, but hopefully this will begin to even out as technology barriers/prices fall. - KeeneH KeeneH Sep 25, 2009 Equally available access to advanced technologies and high speed internet to all students across all economic levels. The playing field needs to be leveled for all students – this includes development and availability of advanced augmented devices for all types of disabilities and differences.- wshapiro wshapiro Oct 4, 2009 Students who only have access at school are limited by what they are permitted to access. Researchers are looking at the effects of filtering on students: http://edu.blogs.com/edublogs/2009/03/fresh-research-showing-the-damage-of-filtering-real-world-technology.html - ninmah ninmah Sep 28, 2009 The pervasiveness of mobile devices will provide a new opportunity to scale education access to many more students. The challenge is to seamlessly integrate a wide variety of student owned devices into an ageing infrastructure. Also the availability of cost effective platforms and tools for mobile learning will place new demands on the IT systems. The major trend toward universal access will also provide a new emphasis on solutions that provide personalized learning experiences for all students. - Don Don Oct 3, 2009 - Dougdar Dougdar Oct 3, 2009 In Born Digital, Palfrey and Gasser write that their biggest concern is the "participation gap...the digital world offers opportunities to those who know how to avail themselves of them. These opportunities make possible new forms of creativity, learning, entrepreneurship, and innovation."- JoanLippincott JoanLippincott Oct 5, 2009
  • Role of Library - If every book and every journal is online and becomes searchable from a singe interface... http://books.google.com /- bryantt bryantt Sep 21, 2009 Absolutely will change and evolve but remain at the heart of a University (Agree - Larry Larry Oct 2, 2009) - The idea of the library is changing – The library has always been a social learning space for students to study, gather and work collaboratively and interact with resources and technology. Now we have an opportunity to take advantage of a move from a print dominated library towards an innovative hybrid digital future. With ubiquitous wireless and increasingly mobile computing, libraries can be transformed into highly visible University assets and spaces which encourage creativity and discovery and which inspire students. The library will foster student learning in new and creative ways. It is not a static computer lab; it includes flexible workspace clusters that promote interaction and collaboration, comfortable furniture, art, and design to make users feel relaxed, to encourage creativity, innovation and support peer and team based learning. Libraries provide access to human to human support too - student peers, student mentors, study skills, librarians and faculty can collaborate here in real time. Services include printing, scanning, audio and video editing, presentation preparation, access to netbooks, technology, food and drink, comfortable chairs and furniture all support a variety of active and social learning opportunities – and all available over long hours. The vision of the library will be: A window on knowledge; A source of inspiration; A learning Space, technologically rich; A social centre/hub - interactive public space; A communication node; For access to printed and electronic material; A refuge or resting place – third place; Providing flexibility and growth potential –multi use building evolving over time –e.g. Knowledge Hub A key issue is how we balance the continuing need for access to physical collections with digital collections and the rapidly expanding demand for new kinds of learning spaces and facilities which support on-line and collaborative learning and research.- DaveP DaveP Sep 29, 2009 There are some great examples of traditional library environments that have reinvented, or more appropriately, redefined themselves into Learning Commons with marked success. This likely reflects the changing attitudes that exist towards information in general. We consider knowledge and information as a something open, more personal, and interactive, rather than controlled, formal, structured. Think Barnes & Nobel! Moving libraries back to the center of social discussion, idea generation, and exploration. - Dougdar Dougdar Oct 3, 2009 There should be a distinction between library as physical space and library as institution because both are changing. This seems to be all library as physical space. There is another issue of the changing role of the library as a university institutions including roles in open access to teaching and research content of the institution,scholarly publishing, data curation, knowledge navigation of resources outside institutionally owned/licensed content. - alanwolf alanwolf Oct 4, 2009 Excellent point. - Dougdar Dougdar Oct 4, 2009 It will be a challenge for libraries that need to renovate their physical space to be more amenable to group work and to provide more access to technology to figure out how to move ahead in this difficult economic climate. In fact, libraries can make progress using no funds or only a small amount of additional funds to create group space, develop new services that include collaboration with others, and promote new and existing services. I have given some presentations on this. http://www.cni.org/tfms/2009a.spring/abstracts/PB-what-lippincott.html - JoanLippincott JoanLippincott Oct 5, 2009 Libraries, computing centers, and multi-media labs have an important role to play here - they can offer hardware (including some for loan), software that may be unaffordable for all students, and services - one-on-one help as well as workshops. While all students may not enter the university with good technology skills, these facilities (with appropriate services) can play an important role in leveling the playing field. - JoanLippincott JoanLippincott Oct 5, 2009 wireless broadband on campus and laptops for loan programs impact on this area and a number of others in this section re levelling technology playing fields for students, alongside institution plus community/city level collaborative initiatives like One Cleveland. - Nick Nick Oct 5, 2009
  • Copyright - Creative Commons is becoming mainstream. We will see the same effect that open source had on computing? Will commercial companies release portions under creative commons, or will we have to distinct realms of content? - bryantt bryantt Oct 5, 2009 http://grou.ps/oercenter/ and http://publius.cc/brief_overview_us_public_policy_oer_californias_community_colleges_obama_ad - bdieu bdieu Oct 3, 2009 This has got to be the single biggest challenge to education and creativity in the near horizon: how to provide the broadest possible access to content without depriving artists and authors of an income. The solution will not be technology, but new business models and long-term thinking on social responsibility. I wish I knew the answer! For now I can only say that current copyright is rapidly giving way under the flood of new digital media practices; suppression is not the solution. - NancyProctor NancyProctor Oct 4, 2009 There still is an alarming misperception concerning what is and is not protected intellectual property. What is more bothersome is that this is not limited to students alone, but continues to be an issues with various members of the campus community as a whole; faculty, staff, etc. While legislation is still somewhat unclear at times, there are basic principles of IP we can begin to communicate and reinforce. To get the cultural change we need, however, the awareness should start at the beginning - K-12. Get the kids to understand here and they will become the catalyst for appropriate practices with their peers and on campus. - Dougdar Dougdar Oct 4, 2009 Agree - it is important that we include intellectual property policy issues in students' education. They need to think of this in regards to their own digital content creations as well as using the IP of others. This is a challenging area and there is no one right answer; it is the role of education to assist students in developing awareness of the overall issues, the implications for society, and the ability to apply critical thinking to given contexts. - JoanLippincott JoanLippincott Oct 5, 2009 Agree. Generating awareness early on is key for an issue with so few bright lines.- jasonr jasonr Oct 5, 2009
  • Online Identity - Students used to create e-portfolios at least in part to have an online identity. Now they're identity is formed from multiple sources. How do we show them how to best manage and develop online presence and professional network.- bryantt bryantt Sep 22, 2009 Several PLE models http://edutechwiki.unige.ch/en/Personal_learning_environment - bdieu bdieu - Dougdar Dougdar Oct 3, 2009 One can use multiple identities to present different points of view. I always co-teach with my avatar in Second Life and, at times, we have serious disagrements which help students see different points of view jpj&avatarHorizon.jpg - jpj100 jpj100 Oct 4, 2009
  • Privacy and openness - Privacy - as has been stated - is a huge concern. Especially in open courses. Do we end up with a dual model course when these are delivered through universities? - gsiemens gsiemens Sep 23, 2009 Or do we keep building and populating silos? - bryan bryan Oct 5, 2009
  • Spam - Monty Python called it. It's a huge challenge for us in trying to use tools like mediawiki, WP, Moodle, etc. Openness is nice and all that. But it also raises the creativity of idiots. - gsiemens gsiemens Sep 23, 2009
  • Language translation services - global courses (especially of the open variety) and international education raise the profile of language barriers in ongoing conversations. Translation services are generally poor, but given the need to increase conversation in the preferred language of speakers (rather than centering on English) may raise the quality of these tools. - gsiemens gsiemens Sep 23, 2009 Yes, cost-effective, accurate and rapid language translations are essential to education as well as communication. Recent advances in both semantic web and text-to-speech software are encouraging, but true progress seems dependent on some global organization coordinating efforts and putting real resources in this direction. Does anyone know of such initiatives already underway? - NancyProctor NancyProctor Oct 4, 2009 This is a little dated, http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/14.12/translate.html, idea is don't teach computer the rules, just search the entire web for instance of exact match. Looks like the chief researcher, Dr. Carbonell has moved on, http://eti.c4ads.org/node/299. There's also the method Facebook used to crowdsource their translation. They released the code they used to do this as well. http://www.techcrunch.com/2009/09/29/facebook-spreads-its-crowdsourced-translations-across-the-web-and-the-world/ - bryantt bryantt Oct 5, 2009
  • Sense of (false) security in the cloud. Cloud computing is an effective, relatively inexpensive way to increase an institution's IT capabilities, but if the hosting company goes under, so might the data: http://spectrum.ieee.org/geek-life/tools-toys/21stcentury-backups/1. - Sonja Sonja I see users lose data due to hard drive failure every day. Lots of cloud based copies are 100 times more reliable than one copy of the hard drive.
  • Broadband/Bandwidth Issues. While the FCC wants to prevent mobile providers from slowing or blocking bandwidth (on streaming video, for example), the mobile providers insist that "net neutrality" will cause excessive strain on their networks and dampen the competitive market of mobile service (http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/09/21/AR2009092103661.html?wprss=rss_technology). As more educational institutions rely on mobiles as a necessary tool for learning, fast, reliable broadband is critical. A survey recently published in the UK has revealed that broadband is not nearly as fast as providers claim it to be (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/technology/8267313.stm). - Sonja Sonja Sep 25, 2009 This is a major issue worldwide and affects each and every one of us. This was identified as a key goal for Education in the 21st century at OET 2008 - Eva Eva Oct 4, 2009
  • The management and organization of collected information: Personal Libraries for personal learning- Information overload is very easy have happen in education these days. How does one manage the streams of data and information and filter this to become useable data and knowledge for the student and instructors? As this information stream becomes deeper and more nuanced, having the literacy and tools to manage it effectively will become more important. This is leading towards the Semantic Web model that Tim Berners Lee has promoted. ReadWriteWeb article gives some overview of the technologies powering this trend. http://www.readwriteweb.com/archives/semantic_web_patterns.php#_jmp0_ Also, the savvy uses of RSS and open ended architectures such as XML can allow for multiple types of tools to be used to best fit the needs of individual. Essentially the development of personal libraries that can be contextualized and searched for maximum productivty and information retrieval. One such application that is heading this way is the unique personal database application DevonThink Pro (Mac) which is quite powerful and open ended for information organization. http://devon-technologies.com/products/devonthink/devonthink2.html [[http://alexandria.rice.edu//uhtbin/cgisirsi/x/0/0/5?searchdata1=1254239634|1254239634]] An example of how to use Delicious for educational purposes - http://information-age-education.com/5-things-you-need-to-know-before-using-delicious-a-social-bookmark/ - KeeneH KeeneH Oct 3, 2009 - I think information organisation and access needs a new approach. There also needs to be a way to distinguish the information be it personal, educational or public. Search and indexing of information can help with these, however search facilities decay over time. - J-Madden J-Madden Oct 6, 2009
  • Figuring out how to encourage participation in education-focused social media: Although scholars and students have many opportunities to participate in online forums, comment on blogs, share their research in open access repositories, contribute to wikis, etc., many online educational communities (Science 2.0, academic blogs and wikis, etc) struggle to get people to participate. See, for instance, David Crotty on some of the difficulties faced by Science 2.0: http://www.cshblogs.org/cshprotocols/2008/02/14/why-web-20-is-failing-in-biology/ In Planned Obsolescence, http://mediacommons.futureofthebook.org/mcpress/plannedobsolescence/one/mediacommons-and-peer-to-peer-review/, Kathleen Fitzpatrick advocates one possible solution: peer-to-peer review, whereby scholars would build their reputations and get credit by participating in open, web-based review of colleagues work. (Fitzpatrick is practicing what she preaches by making her book available through Comment Press, http://www.futureofthebook.org/commentpress/)- lisaspiro lisaspiro Sep 30, 2009 Dan Gillmor warns "We are doing a poor job of ensuring that consumers and producers of media in a Digital Age are equipped for the tasks. This is a job for parents and schools. Yet in America, a teacher who teaches critical thinking risks being fired as a dangerous radical." http://publius.cc/principles_new_media_literacy - bdieu bdieu
  • Making it easy to produce digital scholarship: Although web editors, video editing software, and flip cameras have made it easier to create multimedia, there are still significant barriers of time, expertise and resources for those who want to produce interactive, multimedia educational resources. Tools such as the Sophie Multimedia Authoring Environment, http://www.sophieproject.org/, may facilitate the production of rich education multimedia.- lisaspiro lisaspiro Sep 30, 2009 Fully agree! Ease of use is always the key to adoption - Eva Eva Oct 4, 2009
  • Cultivating numeracy: We're deluged with data. As part of universities' information fluency efforts, they need to help students develop skills in understanding, manipulating, and visualizing quantitative data. See http://teachingwithdata.org and http://serc.carleton.edu/nnn/index.html- lisaspiro lisaspiro Sep 30, 2009 The National Science Foundation is funding a major initiative initiative focusing on management of large scientific data sets - "DataNet" which includes the stipulation that projects "develop new tools and capabilities for learning that integrate research and education at all levels."http://www.nsf.gov/funding/pgm_summ.jsp?pims_id=503141 - JoanLippincott JoanLippincott Oct 5, 2009 This is a huge issue - informaion/knowledge management and visualization converge here.- jgetman jgetman Oct 6, 2009
  • Supporting DIY/ Hands-on Work: Even as we are drawn in by our screens, we are also drawn out to make stuff, often in collaboration with others. Students are maintaining community gardens, knitting, building robots, and constructing solar houses. Olin College of Engineering's library includes a realia collection so that students can build stuff with legos, modeling clay, etc. There is a Ning social networking site for educators who are developing hands-on projects, http://makered.makezine.com/See also Matthew Crawford's Shop Class as Soulcraft: An Inquiry Into the Value of Work.- lisaspiro lisaspiro Sep 30, 2009 - Dougdar Dougdar Oct 4, 2009Though etsy appears to be about handmade crafts and buying art supplies the web environment and the community that use it have implications for learning environments that want to support skills related to mentoring, teaching hands-on skills, marketing, business and more. The founders are currently showing the site to higher ed institutions - mostly art schools - but I see the potential to apply the principals elsewhere. This may belong else where in the report - seemed to go under supporting DIY. Signup and check out the lab spaces...- jgetman jgetman Oct 6, 2009
  • Digital Media Literacy for Faculty/Instructors- I think it will be key in the next 5 years for some sort of digital media literacy standard to be developed, not only for students, but for faculty as well. Often, this sort of thing is seen as not a priority or not something that is very important relative to their research. I would argue that it is critically important and that understanding how to use digital media, even on a basic level is key to being an efficient, productive and can also greatly aid in not only their research but teaching. By elevating such skills, it might also elevate the digital media projects to levels associated with publications for tenure. Need to somehow break the ice with faculty to enable them to wade into these waters even if they are reluctant. [[http://alexandria.rice.edu//uhtbin/cgisirsi/x/0/0/5?searchdata1=1254603123|1254603123]] Henry Jenkins' work gives an example new media literacy skills (PDF link). Could be applicable to faculty as well. http://newmedialiteracies.org/blog/2008/11/10/NMLskills.pdf - KeeneH KeeneH Oct 3, 2009 Also see Jenkins' recent blog post about PBS Digital Nation documentary http://henryjenkins.org/2009/09/pbss_digital_nation_another_gr.html - KeeneH KeeneH Oct 3, 2009 - Dougdar Dougdar Oct 4, 2009 I agree digital media literacy is key for faculty/instructors in order to work with their students as opposed to working in different spheres - faculty not using or not acquainted with media will lose their students´ attention while students will themselves find (or indeed are already working with) those media that they have identified as useful for their learning processes- helga helga Oct 5, 2009 While I think it would be wonderful if faculty would embrace digital literacies, I think this is not going to be the general rule. Some media labs have had great success integrating their instruction with the curriculum - supporting creative assignments jointly developed by faculty and media staff and providing both formal instruction and informal lab support for students in various classes. The media lab, part of the Weigle info commons at U. Pennsylvania, is a good example, and their collection of course-related "success stories" provide terrific examples. http://wic.library.upenn.edu/widideas/success.html - JoanLippincott JoanLippincott Oct 5, 2009 I am part of a task force that is attempting to provide guidance on how to identify and assess student digital media literacy (project is being facilitated by the Council of Chief State School Officers and funded by the Gates Foundation) - it is incredibly more difficult than you would imagine. There is not clear agreement on what should be evaluated, how to evaluate it and how to train faculty for instruction and assessment. - jevans jevans Oct 5, 2009We are in the first year of an information literacy institue which has focused on assessment, citation and integration of digital resources into research and issues of ownership, copyright and plagiarism is being addressed on this digital literacy site with a broader focus on students as producers and consumers of digital content. Faculty and instructors are beginning to see that they are limiting their students by not helping them to develop and use these skills across the curriculum. - jgetman jgetman Oct 6, 2009
  • Teachers becoming active mentors and guides as opposed delivering one way information lectures - Increasingly I hear professors say the students can find anything, but the key is to guiding them to what is actually the best information and helping them to critically think about what the information means and translating this into constructive knowledge. Essentially, the role of the educator may become more of a mentor and guide to students who can rely on an expert to help them make sense of what they find and engage in a dialog about it. Younger faculty may take on this role more easily, bchords.gifut the lecture mode needs to change for students to really engage and learn in this new digital world. [[http://alexandria.rice.edu//uhtbin/cgisirsi/x/0/0/5?searchdata1=1254603123|1254603123]] ReadWriteWeb's Can New Media be taught in Schools? post http://www.readwriteweb.com/archives/can_new_media_be_taught_in_schools.php - KeeneH KeeneH Oct 3, 2009 Fully agree and support it! In this era of abundance, content is not as important as being able to filter what one really needs, mentors are key in this process - Eva Eva Oct 4, 2009 Absolutely! - Dougdar Dougdar Oct 4, 2009
  • Digital Media Literacy for Faculty/Instructors- I think it will be key in the next 5 years for some sort of digital media literacy standard to be developed, not only for students, but for faculty as well. Often, this sort of thing is seen as not a priority or not something that is very important relative to their research. I would argue that it is critically important and that understanding how to use digital media, even on a basic level is key to being an efficient, productive and can also greatly aid in not only their research but teaching. By elevating such skills, it might also elevate the digital media projects to levels associated with publications for tenure. Need to somehow break the ice with faculty to enable them to wade into these waters even if they are reluctant. [[http://alexandria.rice.edu//uhtbin/cgisirsi/x/0/0/5?searchdata1=1254603123|1254603123]] I agree digital media literacy is key for faculty/instructors in order to work with their students as opposed to working in different spheres - faculty not using or not acquainted with media will lose their students´ attention, while students themselves will find (or indeed are already working with) those media that they have identified as useful for their learning processes- helga helga Oct 5, 2009
  • Challenge to the University see Jeff Jarvis’ book “What Would Google Do”. Students as consumers and self learners, see edupunk - DIY ethic in learning - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edupunk. increasing tensions between control and freedom - DaveP DaveP Sep 29, 2009 (Love this graphic! - Larry Larry Oct 2, 2009)
    The University of the People (http://www.uopeople.org/) seems to reflect the position of knowledge consumers taking matters into their own hands (http://chronicle.com/blogPost/New-Tuition-Free-University/7831/). While I can see some potential merit to this concept, which appears to be of a kindred spirit to the open source mentality, there are a number of issues related to quality and academic merit that automatically flash to mind. It will be interesting to see if they are able to get accreditation. - Dougdar Dougdar Oct 3, 2009 Accreditation may not be necessary in the future (see article ) - Eva Eva Oct 4, 2009
  • Technology for Personalized Learning - The increasing demand for education that is mass customized to the uniqueness of each student will drive the need for new technologies that provide more learner choice, control, and provides differentiated instruction. No longer will the mass production of one size fits all instruction be tolerated. Technology will enable and drive the demand for personalized learning. Global competitiveness and challenging the economics of scale will drive the rate of change as the effectiveness of mass customized personal learning environments is demonstrated. This will result in many new challenges for the traditional academy. As this white paper suggests
  • The economic downturn leads to significant budget cuts and forces universities to focus on key goals. Virtual conferences assume a greater importance as travel budgets are cut. There is a greater emphasis on collaboration to achieve cost efficiencies and assessment to ensure that money is spent wisely. See Educause's resources on managing the economic downturn: http://www.educause.edu/EDUCAUSE+Review/ERVolume442009/EDUCAUSEReviewMagazineVolume44/174184, http://www.educause.edu/EDUCAUSE+Quarterly/EQVolume322009/EDUCAUSEQuarterlyMagazineVolum/174539,and http://www.educause.edu/Resources/Browse/StrategicPlanningInstitutional/30381.- lisaspiro lisaspiro Oct 4, 2009 This is of enormous significance, especially in the US. Think budget cuts impacting library and IT staff, along with some faculty. Think cuts to lab, hardware, software support. How to keep up with emerging technologies with fewer resources? How to support more students (in some sectors) with less? What technologies will receive less attention as a result? Etc. - bryan bryan Oct 5, 2009 Agree this is of enormous significance, especially in the US. Will the support of technology be something easily cut back with the thinking that institutions can just postpone upgrading equipment, software, etc.? Will staff positions be cut? How will units such as IT and the library prioritize where their remaining funds are spent? The way this item is phrased "forces universities to focus on key goals" implies that keeping up with technology may be peripheral to the university's key goals, but I think that it is very important for information and media professionals to emphasize how important technology is to achieving key goals and to producing students who will be the most in demand for what few jobs are out there when they graduate. - JoanLippincott JoanLippincott Oct 5, 2009 The IHE's that survive will be the ones that understand what they are valued for, and how to provide it at a cost that makes sense for their students and other "customers". The rest will struggle or fail. It's painful but good in the long run. - amichaelberman amichaelberman Oct 5, 2009
  • Scholarship Related to Digital Expression. One of the issues we face is a lack of solid research to lean on as it relates to the use of emergent technologies in teaching and learning. Our audiences live and die by data driven decisions and I feel many of us are left without solid research to lean on. We need to drive new scholarship in digital media, social spaces, and the like. How we work to support faculty/researchers in their work is a critical next step to establish next level adoption. - colecamplese colecamplese Oct 3, 2009
    1. "Rapid advances taking place in technological development must be integrally connected to our education system if U.S. students are to continue to compete successfully on the world stage, and a vital part of that transformation must be the personalizing of instructional delivery. As a U.S. Dept. of Education position paper cited in Personalized Learning notes, “We have seen our world change around us and now need to retool our education system to respond.”
    2. “Education does not work through a ‘one-size-fits-all’ model,” said Will Ethridge, CEO of Pearson’s North American education businesses. “Students have different learning styles, needs, and priorities, and there is an increasing demand for technologies that personalize the learning experience. Our challenge is to continue to create the tools that ensure relevance and success for 21st Century learners, as well as to deliver cost and instructional efficiencies to institutions.”
    3. Research makes clear that personalized learning, combined with the power of technology, greatly improves and accelerates student success rates. Over the past decade, the National Center for Academic Transformation’s post-secondary course redesign program has proven that through more effective use of information and technology, it is possible to produce better learning outcomes at reduced cost. NCAT’s Program in Course Redesign resulted in 25 of the 30 course redesign projects showing significant increase in student learning, with all 30 projects reducing their costs by an average of 37 percent - a collective annual savings of approximately $3 million.An annotated bibliography of the many recent published articles on this trend is available here. - Don Don Oct 3, 2009 - Dougdar Dougdar Oct 4, 2009
A crucial issue, this. One issue is visibility. There's a large, accessible, and still growing body of scholarly lit about cyberculture, but it's invisible to mainstream media, from CNN to the Chronicle. Check out my bookshelves, or projects like this: http://rccs.usfca.edu/booklist.asp . A second issue is the puny size and reputation of "scholarship of teaching" (Glassic et al), generally considered to be useful to education. - bryan bryan Oct 5, 2009
  • Defining Engagement. Is it about encouraging class participation? Access? Security? Management? Personalized learning? Engagement is different for every student and every subject may be best taught and learning with some tools than others, dependent on subject itself, faculty, number of students, etc. Identifying the different elements of engagement and how these can be flexible in learning environments may be key to learning. Initiatives like Main's MCMEL , facing great challenges with un-motivated groups of students are committed to identify these elements of engagement - Eva Eva Oct 4, 2009
  • New approach to Plagiarism How can it be that copying is frowned upon in school, whereas in work if you tried to work things out on your own without proper reference to other things then you would not last long? While referencing links properly is part of the answer, there are also interesting things happening as in some parts of the world they examine access to the internet during exams. If a student has access to the internet during an exam, what is it you are testing? [http://www.icenews.is/index.php/2009/05/31/danish-schools-consider-allowing-the-internet-for-exams/]- Gavin Gavin Oct 4, 2009 The key is teaching the right things and assessing them correctly. If "looking up the answer" is "cheating", then why does knowing the answer matter? - amichaelberman amichaelberman Oct 5, 2009
  • Gaps/unevenness in the underlying infrastructure Always on access to broadband, wifi and GPRS can be great when it 'just works'. However, different locations / different countries have different levels of access (or expectations of access) to these resources. http://www.nationalpost.com/m/story.html?id=630054 - cyprien cyprien Oct 4, 2009
  • The reading crisis. I've seen a lot of this over the past couple of years. Various studies have claimed American reading is declining. Nicholas Carr's "Is Google Making Us Stupid?" was widely read. The real scholarship at the heart of that article, Maryanne Wolfe's neuroscience (http://www.harpercollins.com/books/9780060186395/Proust_and_the_Squid/excerpt.aspx), offers a serious argument about digital media deskilling popular literacy. And who but Steve Jobs said "Nobody reads anymore" (http://www.wired.com/gadgetlab/2008/01/steve-jobs-peop/). This has been building for some time, drawing on the 1990s fears for the book under the impact of the digital revolution, and persistent American fears about declining reading.. It hits education in several ways. Not least, concerns about a decline of reading help stoke resistance to digital technologies. - bryan bryan Oct 5, 2009 And when it´s not the declining of the reading process itself, then it´s certainly the different way we and certainly coming generations are reading (short and focused texts that can be read and understood fast and easily, micro learning units and such) and the subsequent effects on the writing process, style and structure. I think this goes together - at least in some ways - with the top question on this page, "whither the bookstore" - indeed, whither reading, whither writing...? - helga helga Oct 5, 2009
  • Integration of easy-to-use technology I anticipate that we are moving away from centrally supported "academic technologies," and I think there is a new role we can play in supporting faculty and students who want to use technology in teaching, learning and research. Rather than investing in finding the "one right tool," we could spend more time evaluating and aggregating readily available tools and services; guiding students and faculty on choosing and using a subset suited to their instructional goals and discipline; looking for points of overlap and integration to minimize the confusion and frustration of entering the same content/work in several different places; and finally helping them to navigate the issues related to privacy, security and the like. There are still systems that need to scale and are more cost effective when implemented as an enterprise solution but there are also a lot of light-weight tools and services that can be learned and adopted to meet the needs of individual learners and teachers. I would also like to see development teams who produce these applications working with artists and designers more closely to make the interfaces even more intuitive and useful - taking into account the persepctive of the 'below average' user. (no offense intended) ....definitely relates to whether insitutions acknowledge and use what is already available "in the cloud."- jgetman jgetman Oct 6, 2009







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